PJSC Polyus (LSE, MOEX — PLZL) (Polyus, the Company, and together with the Company subsidiaries, the Group) has today released its consolidated financial results for the fourth quarter and full year 2018.
Pavel Grachev, Chief Executive Officer of PJSC Polyus, commented:
In line with our proven strategy, in 2018 Polyus continued to drive organic growth while maintaining low costs and delivering high returns. As a result, we have achieved double-digit growth in both production and EBITDA.
At $348 per ounce, our TCC for 2018 once again declined compared to the previous year. This is also well below our initial guidance of less than $425 per ounce, which was revised to below $400 per ounce. Given the continued strong cost performance of our operations, we are now adjusting our 2019 cost guidance downwards, with TCC for 2019 expected to stay below $425 per ounce, compared to previous guidance of below $450 per ounce.
Polyus demonstrated solid free cash flow generation during the year despite a capex-intensive period. The Company’s capital expenditure in 2018 stood at $736 million and was below our forecast of $850 million. Polyus expects to deliver approximately 2.8 million ounces of gold in 2019, which is in line with our initial guidance. The Natalka operations, now running at name-plate capacity, and a number of ongoing throughput capacity expansion projects across our assets will underpin further production growth.
Comparative financial results
(if not mentioned otherwise)
|Gold production (koz) 2||640||691||(7%)||580||10%||2, 440||2, 160||13%|
|Gold sold (koz)||644||699||(8%)||597||8%||2, 333||2, 158||8%|
Average realised refined gold price
(excluding effect of SPPP) ($/oz)3
|1, 229||1, 209||2%||1, 275||(4%)||1, 263||1, 260||0%|
Average realised refined gold price
(including effect of SPPP) ($/oz)
|1, 232||1, 213||2%||1, 275||(3%)||1, 265||1, 271||0%|
|Total revenue||774||832||(7%)||743||4%||2, 915||2, 721||7%|
|Operating profit||365||442||(17%)||391||(7%)||1, 524||1, 455||5%|
|Operating profit margin||47%||53%||(6) ppts||53%||(6) ppts||52%||53%||(1) ppts|
|Loss / profit for the period||(28)||144||N.A.||267||N.A.||474||1, 241||(62%)|
Loss / earnings per
share – basic (US Dollar)
Loss / earnings per
share – diluted (US Dollar)
|Adjusted net profit4||291||355||(18%)||242||20%||1 326||1 015||31%|
|Adjusted net profit margin||38%||43%||(5) ppts||33%||5 ppts||45%||37%||8 ppts|
|Adjusted EBITDA5||484||537||(10%)||465||4%||1, 865||1, 702||10%|
|Adjusted EBITDA margin||63%||65%||(2) ppts||63%||0 ppts||64%||63%||1 ppts|
|Net cash flow from operations||404||423||(4%)||344||17%||1, 464||1, 292||13%|
|Total cash cost (TCC)
per ounce sold ($/oz)7
All-in sustaining cash cost (AISC)
per ounce sold ($/oz) 8
|Cash and cash equivalents||896||1, 000||(10%)||1, 204||(26%)||896||1, 204||(26%)|
|Net debt9||3, 086||3, 029||2%||3, 077||0%||3, 086||3, 077||0%|
|Net debt/adjusted EBITDA (x)10||1.7||1.6||6%||1.8||(6%)||1.7||1.8||(6%)|
In the fourth quarter, the group’s TCC decreased to $331 per ounce compared to the previous quarter. The improvement was partially attributable to a seasonal decrease in output at the structurally higher cost alluvial operations. In 2018, the group’s TCC decreased 4% to $348 per ounce, as a result of production expansion and cost inflation containment initiatives as well as the local currency depreciation. A by-product credit, of $21 per ounce in 2018 had a positive bearing on the group TCC.
TCC performance by mine, $/oz
In the fourth quarter, TCC at Olimpiada amounted to $221 per ounce. In 2018, TCC at Olimpiada declined 22% compared to the prior-year, to $267 per ounce. This was mainly attributable to implementation of operational initiatives at Olimpiada’s Mills, which resulted in higher hourly throughput at Olimpiada. Higher average grades in ore processed and a by-product credit from sales of antimony-rich flotation concentrate in the amount of $37 per ounce also had a positive impact on TCC. These factors were partially offset by inflation in consumables and diesel prices as well as a higher power tariff in 2018.
At Blagodatnoye, TCC amounted to $371 per ounce, up 4% compared to the third quarter, mainly due to scheduled repair works and the power tariff increase. In 2018, TCC at Blagodatnoye were $360 per ounce, up 17% compared to the previous year mainly due to a decline in the average grade in ore processed. Inflation in consumables and diesel prices put further pressure on costs. These factors were partially mitigated due to set of operational initiatives introduced by the Company
TCC at Verninskoye amounted to $353 per ounce, up 4% compared to the third quarter mainly due to the raised power tariff. In 2018, TCC at Verniskoye decreased 8% compared to the previous year, to $369 per ounce, primarily due to an improved hourly throughput of the Mill and higher recovery rates. Inflation in consumables and diesel prices, and the increase in power tariff were offset by rouble depreciation during the year.
At Kuranakh, TCC were $491 per ounce, a 2% increase compared to the third quarter, primarily due to a seasonal downscaling of the relatively low cost heap leaching operations. In 2018, TCC at Kuranakh amounted to $511 per ounce, down 4% compared to the previous year, primarily as a result of production expansion due to operational improvements and start of heap leaching operations.
TCC at Alluvials increased to $821 per ounce, compared to $725 per ounce in the third quarter. In 2018, TCC at Alluvials amounted to $746 per ounce, down 3% compared to the previous year due to an increase in alluvial gold grade and rouble depreciation. These factors were partially offset by the increased repairs expenses and diesel price inflation in the reporting period.
At Natalka, TCC increased 18% compared to the third quarter, to $810 per ounce primarily due to repair works at the ball mill and scheduled maintenance works at the end of 2018. In 2018, TCC at Natalka amounted to $747 per ounce, which reflects a subdued hourly throughput of the Mill as well as introduction of lower grade material into the processing circuit during the ramp-up period. The Natalka Mill is now running at annualised name-plate capacity, following the completion of repair works at the ball mill and scheduled maintenance works at the end of 2018.
In the fourth quarter, the group’s AISC increased 14% compared to the third quarter, to $634 per ounce, reflecting higher sustaining capital expenditures and SG&A. In 2018, the group’s AISC per ounce decreased 1% compared to the previous year, to $605 per ounce. The improvement reflects the lower TCC per ounce for the period, which fully offset the respective increase in SG&A, stripping activity and sustaining capital expenditures in 2018.
All-in sustaining costs by mine, $/oz
In the fourth quarter, AISC at Olimpiada increased to $389 per ounce, driven by higher stripping expenses and sustaining capital expenditures. AISC at Blagodatnoye increased to $595 per ounce, primarily due to the increase in sustaining capital expenditures during the period. AISC at Verninskoye increased to $677 per ounce, while AISC at Kuranakh increased to $819 per ounce, both in line with TCC performance and reflecting higher sustaining capital expenditures during the period. AISC at Natalka were $1,361 per ounce and not representative due to the repair works at the ball mill conducted over the period and scheduled maintenance works at the end of 2018.
In 2018, AISC at Olimpiada decreased to $468 per ounce as a decline in TCC was partially offset by the increase in stripping expenses and sustaining capital expenditures. AISC at Blagodatnoye increased to $547 per ounce, in line with TCC performance and due to the rise in stripping expenses and sustaining capital expenditures. Verninskoye posted a 2% decrease in AISC from the previous year due to TCC performance. At Kuranakh, AISC decreased to $771 per ounce, driven by a decline in TCC and lower stripping expenses. AISC at Natalka were $1,253 per ounce, driven by SG&A and stripping expenses during the period. The Company anticipates AISC at Natalka to normalize on a per ounce basis, as the Mill is currently running at annualised name-plate throughput capacity.
In the fourth quarter, capital expenditures increased to $189 million, from $146 million in the third quarter. For the full year of 2018 capital expenditures decreased to $736 million from the $804 million in the previous year. This decrease mainly reflects the lower capital expenditures at Natalka, the group’s main development project.
In 2018, capital expenditures at Natalka decreased 40%, to $228 million as a construction of key production facilities was completed in 2017. Total capitalised operating and borrowing costs net of gold revenue amounted to $59 million in 2018. The Company ceased the capitalisation of borrowing costs and other directly attributable operating costs on the 1st August 2018.
The Natalka Mill achieved annualised name-plate throughput capacity of 10 million tons following the completion of repair works at the ball mill and scheduled maintenance works at the end of 2018 and is now operating at the design flowsheet.
Capital expenditures at Olimpiada decreased 22% to $36 million in the fourth quarter compared to $46 million in the previous period.
In 2018, capital expenditures at Olimpiada increased 3%, to $182 million. The Company completed an active phase of mining fleet procurement, increasing the share of large-scale mining equipment. The construction of Bio Oxidation circuit (BIO-4) at the Mills-1, 2, 3 complex was completed. The Company implemented a set of initiatives targeting higher recoveries, in particular alkaline leaching and flash-flotation. Polyus continues to implement operational initiatives, aimed at expanding throughput of the Olimpiada Mill complex to 13.4 million tonnes per annum.
At Blagodatnoye, capital expenditures reached $14 million in the fourth quarter and $71 million for the full year of 2018, primarily reflecting an active phase of the Mill expansion. The latter is accompanied by growing mining activity, which was supported by a mining fleet procurement. The Company put into operation the second stage of flash flotation. The company expects the Blagodatnoye Mill to reach throughput capacity of 9.0 million tonnes per annum by 2020.
At Verninskoye, capital expenditures increased to $15 million in the fourth quarter mainly due to the delivery of three Komatsu 136t dump trucks at the end of the year. In 2018, capital expenditures increased by 15% to $45 million due to the replacement of equipment and higher maintenance costs.
At Kuranakh, capital expenditures increased to $24 million in the fourth quarter. For the full year of 2018, capital expenditures at Kuranakh decreased 12%, to $57 million, as the main activities for the launch of heap leaching operations had been completed in the previous year. By the end of the year, the Kuranakh Mill throughput capacity stabilised at 5.0 million tonnes per annum, while Stage 3 of the capacity expansion project to reach 5.8 million tonnes per annum is expected to be completed in 2019.
At Alluvials, capital expenditures amounted to $24 million in 2018.
Other capital expenditures increased to $106 million in 2018 mainly due to the implementation of the ERP program and related IT projects.
In 2018, Polyus completed the scoping study and verification drilling program at Sukhoi Log. With the scoping study completed, the Company has launched the pre-feasibility stage. Capital expenditures amounted to $23 million as drilling program entered an active stage in 2018. Polyus continues in-fill, deep levels, flanks and other drilling. The drilling campaign will continue until the end of 2019.
An update on Mineral Resources estimates for Sukhoi Log has been conducted by AMC in compliance with JORC Code 2012. According to AMC, estimated Mineral Resources at Sukhoi Log stand at 962 million tonnes, with an average grade of 2.1 g/t Au and containing 63 million ounces of gold as at 30 October 2018. AMC has also upgraded 28 million ounces of Inferred Mineral Resources to Indicated Mineral Resource. Ongoing assessment of the drilling campaign samples may result in a further upgrade of the Mineral Resources estimate classification.
|Purchase of equipment||42||36||17%||169||226||(25%)|
|Capitalisation of borrowing costs||-||7||(100%)||54||93||(42%)|
Net proceeds from selling gold
produced during the ramp-up period
|Omchak electricity transmitting line||9||10||(10%)||36||69||(48%)|
|Items capitalised13, net||52||28||86%||95||25||N.A.|
Change in working capital for purchase
property, plant and equipment
|Purchase of PP&E14||237||198||20%||850||831||2%|
In 2018, the total cash spent on the purchase of PP&E increased to $850 million compared to $831 million in the previous year. This mainly reflects the respective increase in stripping activity at Olimpiada, Blagodatnoye and Verninskoye during the full year of 2018.
A conference call for investors and analysts hosted by Pavel Grachev (Chief Executive Officer) and Mikhail Stiskin (Senior Vice President, Finance and Strategy) will be held on 11 February 2019 at 12.00 (London) / 15.00 (Moscow).
To join the conference call, please dial:
Conference ID: 6165515
+44 (0) 330 336 9125 (Local access)
0800 358 6377 (Toll free)
+1 929-477-0402 (Local access)
888-204-4368 (Toll free)
+7 495 213 1767 (Local access)
8 800 500 9283 (Toll free)
To access the replay, please dial:
+44 (0) 207 660 0134 (Local access)
0 808 101 1153 (Toll free)
+1 719-457-0820 (Local access)
888-203-1112 (toll free)
810 800 2702 1012 (Toll free)
Polyus is the largest gold producer in Russia and one of the top ten gold miners globally with the lowest cost position. Based on its 2017 Ore Reserves and Mineral Resources, Polyus group ranks second both by attributable gold reserves and gold resources among the world’s largest gold mining companies.
The Polyus group’s principal operations are located in Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk and Magadan regions and the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).
Victor Drozdov, Director Investor Relations
+7 (495) 641 33 77
Victoria Vasilyeva, Director Public Relations
+7 (495) 641 33 77
Forward looking statements
This announcement may contain forward-looking statements concerning Polyus and/or Polyus group. Generally, the words will, may, should, could, would, can, continue, opportunity, believes, expects, intends, anticipates, estimates or similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include statements relating to future capital expenditures and business and management strategies and the expansion and growth of Polyus’ and/or Polyus group’s operations. Many of these risks and uncertainties relate to factors that are beyond Polyus’ and/or Polyus group’s ability to control or estimate precisely and therefore undue reliance should not be placed on such statements which speak only as at the date of this announcement. Polyus and/or any Polyus group company assumes no obligation in respect of, and does not intend to update, these forward-looking statements, except as required pursuant to applicable law.
1 On the assumption of foreign exchange rate of 60 roubles per dollar.
2 Gold production is comprised of 589 thousand ounces of refined gold and 51 thousand ounces of gold in flotation concentrate in the fourth quarter of 2018 and 2,184 thousand ounces of refined gold and 256 thousand ounces of gold in flotation concentrate in 2018 respectively.
3 The Strategic Price Protection Programme (SPPP) comprises a series of zero-cost Asian gold collars (revenue stabiliser).
4 Adjusted net profit is defined by the Group as net profit / (loss) for the period adjusted for impairment loss / (reversal of impairment), unrealised (gain) / loss on derivative financial instruments and investments, net, foreign exchange (gain) / loss, net, and associated deferred income tax related to such items.
5 Adjusted EBITDA is defined by the Group as profit for the period before income tax, depreciation and amortisation, (gain) / loss on derivative financial instruments and investments (including the effect of the disposal of a subsidiary and subsequent accounting at equity method), finance costs, net, interest income, foreign exchange gain, net, impairment loss / (reversal of impairment), (gain) / loss on property, plant and equipment disposal, expenses associated with an equity-settled share-based payment plan and special charitable contributions as required to ensure calculation of the Adjusted EBITDA is comparable with the prior period. The Group has made these adjustments in calculating Adjusted EBITDA to provide a clearer view of the performance of its underlying business operations and to generate a metric that it believes will give greater comparability over time with peers in its industry. The Group believes that Adjusted EBITDA is a meaningful indicator of its profitability and performance. This measure should not be considered as an alternative to profit for the period and operating cash flows based on IFRS, and should not necessarily be construed as a comprehensive indicator of the Group’s measure of profitability or liquidity.The Group calculates Adjusted EBITDA margin as Adjusted EBITDA divided by total revenue.
6 Capital expenditure figures are presented on an accrual basis (here presented net of the Sukhoi Log deposit license acquisition cost and net of Omchak power grid construction cost).
7 TCC is defined by the Group as the cost of gold sales, less property, plant and equipment depreciation and amortisation, provision for annual vacation payment, employee benefits obligation cost and change in allowance for obsolescence of inventory and adjusted by inventories. TCC per ounce sold is the cost of producing an ounce of gold, which includes mining, processing and refining costs. The Group calculates TCC per ounce sold as TCC divided by total ounces of gold sold for the period. The Group calculates TCC and TCC per ounce sold for certain mines on the same basis, using corresponding mine-level financial information.
8 AISC is defined by the Group as TCC plus selling, general and administrative expenses, stripping activity asset additions, sustaining capital expenditures, unwinding of discounts on decommissioning liabilities, provision for annual vacation payment, employee benefit obligations cost, and change in allowance for obsolescence of inventory less amortisation and depreciation included in selling, general and administrative expenses. AISC is an extension of TCC and incorporates costs related to sustaining production and additional costs which reflect the varying costs of producing gold over the life-cycle of a mine. The Group believes AISC is helpful in understanding the economics of gold mining. AISC per ounce sold is the cost of producing and selling an ounce of gold, including mining, processing, transportation and refining costs, general costs from both mine and alluvial operations, and the additional expenditures noted in the definition of AISC. The Group calculates AISC per ounce sold as AISC divided by total ounces of gold sold for the period.
9 Net debt is defined as non-current borrowings plus current borrowings less cash and cash equivalents and bank deposits.Net debt excludes derivative financial instrument assets/liabilities, site restoration and environmental obligations, deferred tax, deferred revenue, deferred consideration for the Sukhoi Log licence and other non-current liabilities. Net debt should not be considered as an alternative to current and non-current borrowings, and should not necessarily be construed as a comprehensive indicator of the Group’s overall liquidity.
10 The Group calculates net debt to Adjusted EBITDA as net debt divided by Adjusted EBITDA.
11 The capex above presents the capital construction-in-progress unit as allocated to other business units, whilst in the condensed consolidated interim financial statements capital construction-in-progress is presented as a separate business unit.
12 Reflects expenses related to exploration business unit, IT projects and construction of Razdolinskaya-Taiga, Peleduy-Mamakan grid lines.
13 Including capitalised stripping costs net of capitalised interest on loans and capitalised within capital construction-in-progress. For more details see Note 11 of the condensed consolidated interim financial statements.
14 Presented net of the Sukhoi Log deposit license acquisition cost and payments to Rostec.